Section A question 2
The attitude of Eli’s children affected Israel as a nation in so many ways,
In the first place it negatively affected the religious practices of Israel as Eli’s children became bad influence on many children of the Israelites.
Secondly Eli’s children behaviour affected and tarnish the image of other Prophets and priests who were living in Israel hence denting the image of religious leaders in Israel. Eli’s children’s behaviour affected Israel by provoking God not to bless the Israelites and also weakening the potency of the prophetic powers of Israel.
Fourthly, the behaviour of Eli’s children made someone like Samuel who was not in the geneology of the prophetic family to also become prophet.

2b the two moral lessons are
I) To discipline our children when there is need
ii) Not to cover the bad deeds of our children
4.Greed was demonstrated in gehazi’s life when he went out to take the goods the Neman decided to come and present to Prophet Elisha for curing him of Leprosy. In this biblical passage after Elisha has declined to accept these gifts Gehazi ran chasing Neman for the present and gifts which prophet Elisha declined to accept. Per the greed nature of Gehazi, he went and lied to Neman that his master, Prophet Elisha has received some guests and would need the gifts and presents from Neman to serve these guests. Since it was a lie Gehazi told Neman, the prophet Elisha cursed Gehazi hence Gehazi was infested with the Leprosy of Neman.

4b, three areas in society where greed is prevalent are
i) Politics
i) Business
iii) Families and homes.
Jesus said to him, “I do not say to you seven times, but seventy times seven.
“Therefore the kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who wished to settle accounts with his servants.
When he began the reckoning, one was brought to him who owed him ten thousand talents;
and as he could not pay, his lord ordered him to be sold, with his wife and children and all that he had, and payment to be made.

So the servant fell on his knees, imploring him, `Lord, have patience with me, and I will pay you everything.’
And out of pity for him the lord of that servant released him and forgave him the debt.
But that same servant, as he went out, came upon one of his fellow servants who owed him a hundred denarii; and seizing him by the throat he said, `Pay what you owe.’
So his fellow servant fell down and besought him, `Have patience with me, and I will pay you.’
He refused and went and put him in prison till he should pay the debt.

When his fellow servants saw what had taken place, they were greatly distressed, and they went and reported to their lord all that had taken place. Then his lord summoned him and said to him, `You wicked servant! I forgave you all that debt because you besought me; and should not you have had mercy on your fellow servant, as I had mercy on you?’ And in anger his lord delivered him to the jailers, till he should pay all his debt. So also my heavenly Father will do to every one of you, if you do not forgive your brother from your heart.”

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No limit to granting forgiveness and pardon jesus

makes it clear that there is no limit to giving and receiving forgiveness.

II) Jesus paid our ransom to set us free from the debt of sin
No offense our neighbor can do to us can compare with our own personal debt to God for offending him! We have been forgiven an enormous debt we could not repay on our own.

III)Forgiving others is a sacred duty
If God has shown mercy to us in granting us pardon for our sins, then we, in turn, must show mercy and forgiveness towards every person who has offended us.

Pilate called together the leading priests and other religious leaders, along with the people, and he announced his verdict. He told the that they brought Jesus man to him, accusing him of leading a revolt. But that he has examined him thoroughly on their point in their presence and find him innocent. He said that there was nothing He has done that calls for the death penalty. He told them that he will have him flogged, and then will release him. Then a mighty roar rose from the crowd, and with one voice they shouted, “Kill him, and release Barabbas to us! (Barabbas was in prison for taking part in an insurrection in Jerusalem against the government, and for murder.) Pilate argued with them, because he wanted to release Jesus. But they kept shouting, “Crucify him! Crucify him!” For the third time he demanded, he asked them why and What crime he has committed. That he has found no reason to sentence him to death.
But the mob shouted louder and louder, demanding that Jesus be crucified, and their voices prevailed. So Pilate sentenced Jesus to die as they demanded. As they had requested, he released Barabbas, the man in prison for insurrection and murder. But he turned Jesus over to them to do as they wished.

(i) The right to be heard by a competent, independent and impartial tribunal.
(ii) The right to a public hearing.
(iii) The right to be heard within a reasonable time.


-James makes it clear that those who trust God don’t merely become experts at listening to God’s Word. To believe is to act on what we hear. Faith in Christ is not just the map; it’s the actual journey. Merely nodding our heads at the Word is not enough—we need to do what the Word tells us to do. We need to figure out which way God wants us to go, and then actually go that way.
If we don’t, we demonstrate that we don’t truly trust the Father, at least not in that moment.

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(i) Selfishness
(ii) Disobedience


Peter encouraged Christians to be firm in their faith knowing that suffering was the lot of the entire brotherhood of Christians, all over the world. However, he assured them that the God of grace who called them to eternal glory in Christ, would not only restore and establish them but would strengthen them. In other words 

– Our practice of Christianity requires the manifestation in our lives, the teachings and examples of Jesus Christ.

-Obedience to the civil authorities, and all human institutions for the well-being of the society, is an important Christian requirement.

-Suffering on account of Jesus without a justifiable reason attracts great blessing.

-The practical life of a Christian produces a greater result in the conversion of the unbeliever than preaching and teaching.

i)A lack of common understanding
ii)Poor communication skills
iii)Unclear or unfair expectations




In Islam, Nikka can be described as marriage is a legal contract between a man and a woman, Both the groom and the bride are to consent to the marriage of their own free wills


i)your mothers,
II) your daughters,
iii) your sisters,
iv) your father’s sisters,
v) your mother’s sisters,
vi) your brother’s daughters,
vii) your sister’s daughters,
viii)your [milk] mothers who nursed you
your sisters through nursing,
ix)your wives’ mothers,
x) your step-daughters under your guardianship [born] of your wives unto whom you have gone in

Abu Huraira (may God be pleased with him) narrated that once a Muslim and a Jew quarreled and the Muslim said: “By He Who gave superiority to Muhammad over all the people!” The Jew said, “By He Who gave superiority to Moses over all the people!’ Upon this, the Muslim lifted his hand to slap the Jew. The Jew went to the Messenger of God (peace and blessings be upon him) and informed him of all that had happened between him and the Muslim. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Do not give me superiority over Moses, for the people will fall unconscious on the Day of Resurrection and I will be one of them, but I will be the first to regain consciousness and will see Moses standing and holding the side of the Throne. I will not know whether he was one of those who have fallen unconscious and then regained consciousness before me, or if he was one of those exempted by God (from falling unconscious).” This reports says a lot about the kind of peaceful life Muslims and Jews enjoyed in Medina at the time. 

Lady Aisha, the Prophet’s wife narrated that the Messenger of God (peace and blessings be upon him) died while his (iron) armor was mortgaged to a Jew for thirty pounds of barley. The Jew who was a wheat trader, did not mind giving barley to the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) nor did the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) mind mortgaging his armor to the Jew.

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All the aforementioned instances narrated from the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) clearly demonstrate that Jews lived as individuals and groups in Medina through its second phase. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) allowed the Jews of Khaybar, the biggest Jewish community, to stay and share in the development of Medina. They were left to cultivate their lands and live peacefully among Muslims.

This study discusses and examines the historical development of tafsir since the early Islam of the seventh century down to the time of Ibn Kathir in the 13th century. Between these periods, the study of tafsir gradually gained in vitality when the people of Mecca, initially the Prophet’s companions, began to devote their lives to the study of the Quran, memorizing the text word for word to arrive at a clear understanding of its meaning and implication.
Further discussion will concern the role played by scholars of the 13th century including Ibn Kathir in the progress of tafsir. These men produced a great variety of books as an indication of their enthusiasm in this field. Using content analysis technique of secondary data and a descriptive approach, the development of the science of tafsir or Quranic commentaries since the Prophet’s time down to Ibn Kathir’s era are analysed and described objectively and systematically. The study has revealed a large number of attempts have been made by Muslim scholars to interpret the Quran in order to fulfil the needs of individuals and Muslim society in general.

However, guidance and basic principles handed down by Prophet and his companions must still be observed for the correct interpretation of the Quran. 

IRK – Theory
– did he not find you an orphan and protect ( you )
– did he not find you wandering and direct ( you ) .
– did he not find you destitute and enrich ( you ) .
– therefore , the orphan oppresses not.
– he brought him up and prepared him for the divine message to mankind .
– he was an orphan but his lord protected him
– he was wandering with Allah ‘s guidance found the proper way of truth .
– he never prostrated himself to any idols as others did
Tawhid Arabic “oneness [of God]”also romanized as tawheed, touheed, or tevhid is the indivisible oneness concept of monotheism in Islam. Tawhid is the religion’s central and single-most important concept, upon which a Muslim’s entire faith rests.
It unequivocally holds that God is One Al-ʾAḥad and Single (Al-Wāḥid);  therefore, the Islamic belief in God is considered Unitarian

While Associating others with God is known as shirk and is the antithesis of Tawhid. It is usually but not always in the form of the will of AL quran


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