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Human Geography By WakaGist.Com
*(Pick Any Three)*
(i) Rural-Urban migration: This is the movement of people from rural areas, eg village to urban centres like Ibadan,Lagos etc
(ii) Rural-rural movement: This is the movement of people from one rural area to another rural area
(iii) Urban-rural migration: This is the movement of people from one urban centre to rural areas
(iv) Urban – Urban migration: This is the movement of people from one urban centre(town or city) to another.
(v) Seasonal migration: This is the movement of people from one place to another at a particular season e.g summer holiday abroad.
*(Pick Any Four)*
(i) It reduces population pressure on agricultural land at the source region
(ii) It reduces population pressure on social amenities at the source region
(iii) It supplies migrant labour at the receiving region
(iv) It ensures the flow of capital to the receiving region .
(v) It leads to the development of social amenities at the receiving region
(vi) It promotes cultural Integration, such as inter marriage at the receiving region
*(Pick Any Four)*
(i) It breads social vices like crime and armed robbery at the receiving region.
(ii) It increases high cost of living at the receiving region
(iii) It leads to pressure on social amenities at the receiving region
(iv) It leads to the loss of able – bodied men and youth at the source region
(v) It leads to congestion in housing and transportation at the receiving region
(vi) It leads to decline in production at the source region
(vii) It leads to cultural disintegration at the destination region
(i) Crude oil
(ii) Electrical and electronic equipment
(i) Differences in Factor Endowment: Countries are endowed differently e.g. differences in climate and soil, differences in availability of natural resources, differences in capital endowment and differences in labour skills. These differences translate into differences in the abilities of countries to produce goods and services. Some countries, because of their factor endowments, can produce certain goods cheaper than other countries.
(ii) Differences in Technology: Advantageous trade can occur between countries if the countries differ in their technological abilities to produce goods and services. Technology refers to the techniques used to turn resources (labor, capital, land) into outputs (goods and services).
(iii) Existence of Economies of Scale in Production: With specialisation and production on a larger scale than may be possible domestically, a country may be able to gain more economies of scale. This will lead to lower average costs and benefit consumers through lower prices.
(iv) Differences in Demand: Advantageous trade can occur between countries if demands or preferences differ between countries. Individuals in different countries may have different preferences or demands for various products. For example, the Chinese are likely to demand more rice than Americans, even if consumers face the same price.
In forest vegetation belt high rainfall gives rises to mangrove swampy in the south. High rainfall and temperature give rise to evergreen forest in the south.
Heavy rainfall gives rise or support the growth of tall trees like Iroko, obeche, Mahogany etc. It does not support the growth of grasses.
Heavy rainfall supports the growth of climbers, creepers etc.
[Pick Any Five]
(i) Provision of food
(ii) Provision of timber
(iii) Foreign exchange
(v) Raw materials for industries
(vi) Tourism and wildlife
(vii) Provision of fuel wood
(i)Peasants are households which derive their livelihoods partly from agriculture.
(ii)utilise mainly family labour in farm production, integrate household production
(iii)consumption activities and decisions, and are characterised by partial engagement in input and output markets which are often imperfect or incomplete
(i)Unsuitable climatic conditions: Climatic conditions vary from areas of excessive rainfall to areas of excessive drought. These two types of climatic conditions are detrimental to crop and animal growth.
(ii) Poor technical knowledge: The farmers lack requisite technical knowledge and modern skills to raise the standard of farming and agricultural production in their countries.
(iii) Use of crude implements: West African farmers still use crude implements such as cutlass, hoes etc for farming. They have no opportunity for mechanized farming.
(iv) Rural- urban drift: The imbalance in urban-rural economy has led to rural -urban drift. Agriculture has thus been losing its vital labour force without replacing it with mechanization.
(i) Efficient use of land through suitable land use policy
(ii) An integrated approach to rural development
Climate and vegetation
The climate of this region is mainly the sub-equatorial climate with high rainfall of over 300cm throughout the year with double maxima. It has low temperature of 21°C due to the nearness to sea and the effects of south-west winds. The vegetation is that of tropical rainforest with tall evergreen trees.
(i) Farming which leads to production of food and cash crop like rubber, oil palm etc
(ii) Fishing due to the presence of rivers and oceans
(iii) Lumbering due to presence of economic trees( timber)
(iv) Mining due to presence of limestone and petroleum
(i) Transport is very poor owing to presence of many rivers and swamps
(ii) Soil erosion due to heavy rainfall
(iii) Water and land pollution due to mining of petroleum
(iv) Problems of farming and fishing created by oil spillage
(i) Construction of flyovers
(ii) Avoidance of pollution
(iii) Control of soil erosion
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