WAEC 2018 CIVIC EDUCARION ESSAY AND OBJECTIVE ANSWERS – MAY/JUNE – wakagist.com

(1a)

Orderliness can be defined as the art of doing things in a peaceful orderly manner. It is the act by which things are arranged in a proper, neat and systematic way.

(1b)

(i) Peaceful coexistence: Peaceful coexistence among individuals, clans, tribes, ethnic groups and religious institutions that make up the society is the manifestation of the existence of law and order.

(ii) Absence of wars and civil strife: Wars and civil strife are generally absent in society exhibiting law and order. The breakdown of law and order makes the society ungovernable.

(iii) Peaceful conduct of elections: Electioneering activities such as campaigns, voting and announcement of results, etc. are generally peaceful and orderly in a society exhibiting law and order.

(iv) Tolerance of oppositions: There is tolerance of opposition/opposing views in the society where law and order are exhibited e.g. political office holders tolerate opposing views and social critics.

(v) Religious tolerance: Adherents of different religions in the society tolerate the views, teaching and preaching of others which prevent sectarian crises.

(vi) Queuing culture: People form or join queue(s) in an orderly manner in public places such as petrol stations, bus stops, etc. to access public utilities in societies exhibiting law and order.

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2a)A constituted authority is any representative or officer who has been properly appointed or elected under the constitution for the government of that country’s citizenry or the society. This includes the President, Governors, Police Officers, etc.

2b)

1) The Law Court: Inter – communal conflicts can be resolved through the law court by using legal method. Any community that felt cheated can present her case in court.

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ii) Community leaders: Communal conflicts can be resolved by the leaders of the various communities like Obas, Obis, Emirs, Chief e.t.c.

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3a)A constituted authority is any representative or officer who has been properly appointed or elected under the constitution for the government of that country’s citizenry or the society. This includes the President, Governors, Police Officers, etc.

3b)

i)It makes rules and regulations to guide behaviour within its respective organization.

ii) It has the responsibility of making policies for the group.

iii) Constituted authority provides employment opportunity for the citizens

iv)It enhances the growth and development of the nation.

v)Constituted authority provides security over lives and properties of the people.

Vi)It instill discipline in the society.

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4 a )

1 . Methamphetamine

2 . Inhalants

3 . Steroids

4 . Cocaine

5 . Heroine

4 b )

1 . Increased Need for Privacy

2 . Lack of Anger Management Skills

3 . High Risk Taking

4 . Lack of Interest

5 . Depression

6 . Lying and other unethical behavior

7 . Defensiveness

4 c . 1 involving in odd vices such aslying and stealing to pay for your drug use

2 . High degree of tolerance for criminal behavior

3 . Financial problems due to High cost of drugs

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7a)

1. By participating in election

2. By knowing and defending our right

3. By joining or belonging to popular organizations like the NLC (Nigeria Labor Congress).

4. By peaceful demonstration

5. Through strike

7b

1. Bad Governance: When government listen to the yearnings of the people, or is carefree about their feelings, there is bound to be general lack of interest towards activities of the government.

2. Election Rigging: Based of previous experiences in Nigeria, many citizens believe their votes don’t count as elections are continually rigged; thereby creating nonchalant attitudes towards further elections.

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3. Past History of Political Occurrence: People who have some family members, friends or relatives who have been victims of political unrest, tend to withdraw from political activities.

4. Violent Campaign: Sometimes, the way political parties carry out their campaigns appears too violent and this can lead to

lack of interest in politics.

5. Military Invitation: past coup d’état is another reason why people exhibit apathy towards political activities

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