WAEC 2021 Civic Education Obj & Essay Question And Answer Now Available

Civic-Obj:
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(9a)
(i)It advices in the formulation of the policies of government.
(ii)It implements government policies.
(iii)It advises the government.
(iv)It creates employment opportunities.
(v)It performs delegated /legislative functions.

(9b)
(i) Poor remuneration: A hungry man is an angry man. The civil service are poorly remunerated which causes them to take bribe. The salary they receive is not even enough for them to pay their children’s school fees. They are not well motivated

(ii) Absence of skilled manpower: Lack of skilled manpower in the civil service causes inefficiency in the civil service. Therefore, any organization that lacks adequate skilled personnel in their organization, will find it difficult carrying out their operations effectively and efficiently.

(iii) Poor human resources management: Human resources management recruits and train workers to work in the organization. But when the organization cannot manage their workers, the workers tend to leave the organization. Poor management of workers causes death of an organization

(iv) Inadequate materials or insufficient materials: Lack of materials for work causes inefficiency in the operations of the civil service. Government failures to provide those necessary materials that can facilitate work in offices contribute to the cause of ineffectiveness in civil service.

(v) Corruption: Corruption has eaten deep into the bones of our civil service, it hard to find a civil servant without the intent to defraud. When corruption continues to thrive in the civil service, it affects the general operations of the civil service.

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(2a)
(i) Right to life, Liberty and security of the person
(ii) Right to non-discrimination equality before the law and equal protection by the law
(iii) Right to the freedom of movement and to choose a residence
(iv) Right to freedom of force labour, slavery, slavery-like practices and servitude
(v) Right to freedom and of thought, conscience and religion
(vi) The right to peaceful assembly and freedom of association
(vii) Right to freedom of opinion and expression

(2b)
(i) Giving financial support to human rights abuse victims
(ii) Individuals are expected to become conscious their right as citizens and be ready to claim it.
(iii) Joining human rights groups to promote respect for all human rights
(iv) Willingness to report cases of human rights abuse to necessary authorities
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(4a)
A secret cult group is referred to as a dangerous and deadly group that share common ideologies, believe in secret, esoteric, mystic and engage in violent practices.

(4b)
(i)Public campaign against cultism: Different organizations, including the government, schools, religious institutions, and parents, should promote awareness against cultism. Seminars and workshops should be organized to discuss the dangers of cultism all over schools without leaving out the primary schools.

(ii)Government Standard: The government should also make laws to punish cultists for pushing away students and young people from joining these groups. The political leaders supporting them should also be put to judgment because they are damaging other children’s lives to make theirs better;

(iii)Discipline and Studying hard in school to achieve success: Students should be kept busy and engage in school via curricular and extra curricular activities. Because it is a known fact that an “idle mind is the devil’s workshop”. When students are engage with hard work, they will not have time to join cult.

(iv)Moral Education should be made compulsory in the primary and secondary schools in the country.
Parents should take time to understand their children, give enough time to listen to them at home and satisfy their emotional psychological and physical needs.

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