ANSWER 4 QUESTION IN ALL
ANSWER TWO QUESTION ONLY
(i)Majority rule:-The decision of majority of the members of decision making body is upheld and is binding on all
(ii)Election:-Election of members must be free and fair. Electioneering campaign must be modest. Electoral malpractices of all kinds must be discouraged
(iii)Timing:-Election must be taken at specific intervals to avoid tyranny and encourage new breeds that would like to venture into politics
(iv)Opposition:-Opposition be allowed in politics both during election and in government
(v) Rule of Law:-The common law of the land must apply equally to the citizen.
Political participation is the voluntary participation of citizens in the political activities of their country . such political activities include involvement in campaign’s, election and the decision making process through submission of memoranda during enquiry
(i)Becoming members of political parties
(ii)Voting during an election
(iii)Sponsoring political parties
(iv)Discussing political issues and offering solutions
Judicial independence means that the salaries of judges and other judicial officers will be paid from a special fund called a consolidated fund. To this end, the judges can dispense justice without fear or favour and can serve as a perfect watchdog to the executive and the legislature, hence effecting a perfect application of the principles of checks and balances. This implies that the judiciary is free from the control of the other two organs of government.
(i) Clear separation of powers – The judiciary is separated from other arms or organs of governmnt.
(ii) Appointment of judges should be done by the executive arms to avoid judicial control
(iii) Remuneration of judges (salaries) must be paid from the consolidated fund.
(iv) Judges and magistrates should have elements of immunity.
(4a)Indirect Election is a method by which citizen of a country elect their representatives indirectly through the electoral college.
(i)It does not give citizens equally of vote
(ii)Elected representatives do not reflect popular choice
(iii)Indirect election is less Democratic
(iv)The representative seem to the imposed on the citizen
ANSWER TWO QUESTION ONLY
(i)There was centralised administration under the governor – General based in Dakar for all the French speaking west Africans with the colonial minister in Paris at the centre
(ii)No local assemblies , rather those Africans accorded French citizenship were elected into French National Assembly in Paris
(iii)Dual citizenship:-Members of the communes were not only citizens of their various countries but also citizens of France
(iv)There was the existence of an executive council for each of the regions with African appointed ministers
(v)National Assemblies were created in the various colonies
(i) Growth and development: The party aims to work towards the growth and development of the west.
(ii) Federal form of government: It advocated for a federal form of government.
(i) Struggle for independence: The AG joined the NCNC and NPC in Nigeria’s political struggle for independence.
(ii) Universal free primary education (UPE): The party advocated for free education and successfully introduced to the universal free primary education in western Nigeria in 1995.
(iii) The motion for self government: This motion was moved by chief Anthony Enahoro in 1953. He was a major member of the action group.
(i)The constitution jettisoned the parliamentary system of government and introduced the presidential system similar to that of the united state of America
(ii)The presidential system of government was headed by an executive president who acted as both the head of state and head of government
(iii)There was the principal separation of powers among the three organs of government
(i)By Impeachment:-The president or vice president may be removed from office whenever a notice of any allegation in writing signed by not less than one third of the president of the senate stating that the holder of the office of the president or vice president is guilty of gross misconduct
(ii)Permanent Incapacity of president:-The president shall cease to hold office if two third majority of all thy members of the executive council of the federation passed a resolution supported by a report of a medical panel that he is suffering from infirmity of the body or mind which has rendered him permanently incapable of discharging the functions of his office