NECO GCE LITERATURE
*LITERATURE INSTRUCTION:* They were asked to answer total of TWO questions. One question from each section.
Section I (1-4)
Section II (5-8)
*NECO GCE LITERATURE (PROSE)*
Mr Cole is the kind teacher from Sierra
Leone whose class Adah wanders into at the
Methodist School in Lagos when Adah
sneaked out of the house to go to school, as
her parents would not send her to school on
Mr. Cole is Adah’s neighbor. He is a handsome, huge young Sierra Leonean who teaches at the school that Adah goes to when her parents refused to enroll him at the tender age of eight. Mr. Cole willingly accepts Adah into the class and advises her to come some other time. Adah, opened up that she comes to school when the parents don’t allow her to…, Adah bellows and Mr. Cole responds “Yes, of course, she could again if she likes, But if her parents would not allow her to come, he would take it upon himself to teach her the alphabet.
(i) Plot narrative style: Unlike most Nigeria prose narrative, which is usually linear, Agyei – Agyiri uses cyclical narration plot. Events in the plot structure are not narrated chronological, rather the novelist narrates the event in an alternate manner for instance, the novelist tends to talk about events surrounding Mama Orojo and leaves part of the event half way to discuss Nii before he comes back and complete it.
(ii) Omniscient point of view: The story is narrated using the omniscient or third person point of view, which involves the narrator knowing everything that happens in the society, including character’s thoughts. In the novel, a lot of information about the two principal character and past events are provided to the reader by the narrator. It is the narrator that tells us the situation in the Ghanaian society.
There is also a mixture of a participatory first person limited narrative voice to describe how Mama and her parents died on the way to Nigeria when the Ghana government enacted law about alien Compliance Order asking all alien who did not have residential permit to evacuate the country. There is influx of the use of first pronoun, me, us, us,me, etc.
(iii) Symbolism: The setting of the novel is symbolic of the social, political and social malaise which is terribly affected. The novelist employs symbolism as a metaphor for social disintegration as he describes the novel as “the story of a nation in labour”. The two countries especially Ghana is likened to a woman who is about to deliver of a baby when nobody knows what she will give birth to.
Also, Nil’s wife, Massa whose terminal illness is the note on which the novel opens, represents the physical replica of the political, social and moral decay. She represents the nation in labour, hanging precariously in air. Like the collapsing state of Ghana looking at her “it was difficult to tell whether she was just Iying silent or dying” (8). Her dying state is symbolic. of a dying nation which no long has neither the capacity nor the decency to contain its own people. Her death marks the end of Ghanaian society.
*NECO GCE LITERATURE (PROSE)*
*(Section I – BONUS III)*
The need of reunion is another important theme explored in the novel. It is about two siblings who long to meet each other, after fifteen years of traumatic separation by the vicissitudes of life. Their reunion is symbolic of the possible settlement of two warring country, Nigeria and Ghana. In the novel, Nii Talkie who is based in Ghana and Mama Oroji based in Nigeria are two Nigerians blood relation, separated by two deportations. The first one occurred which Mama Orojo was still young and living with her parents when the Ghana government enacted a law of Alien Compliance Order in 1969, forcing all aliens without resident permit to regularize their stay in the country. Her great grandparents had migrated to Ghana several years ago.
The reason for this separation is that the opposition party had accused aliens of ruining the country or the government of the time had made mess of its management of the affairs of the Ghanaian economy and blamed their failure to do things right on the aliens. Their journey to Nigeria was hectic and uneventful as so many people died in the truck while on their way including her own parents. Her endless search for her brother, Nii is met with enormous stress and pains. She goes back to Ghana to search for Nii, starting from Expense Bank, where Nii worked briefly to make ends meet. Mama in company of Joe visits so many places in search of her brother all to no avail. Not until fate smiles on her in Nigeria.
However, the road to reunion is not also smooth on the part of Nii Talkie. It is not without a bitter or agonizing price to pay. Nii experience a bit of suffering lack, pains, sorrow and hatred in Ghanaian a result of harsh Ghanaian economic. Nii, though an Assistant Manager at Expense Bank, he still engages in part time teaching job to meet up his needs.
The anxiety and worry about his wife, Massa who is diagnosed of a terminal sickness and her eventual death at Korofidua hospital fights him greatly. Nii abandons her corpse at the hospital to take refuge in Nigeria. Also, Nii escapes economic hardship in Ghana and goes to Nigeria in search of his family in order to start life anew, armed with the conviction that with a Yoruba tribal mark and a family name, he would easily trace his root to his family. His arrival in Nigeria coincides with another deportation in Nigeria, asking all aliens, about three million in number to leave within two weeks. Nill soon finds out that it takes more than a tribal mark and family name to claim citizenship. He should understand or speak one Nigeria language. Finding his life balanced or knife edge, he must walk the tight rope of negotiating his way to the ancestral fold at Ijase. This does not happen without a huge price to pay to accomplish it. Nii is captured alongside his friend. Aaron Tsuru and others at the Nigerian border after Nii is severally beaten by the man who conveys him to the border over certain amount of money said to pay. Captured by one of the security agents, Nii and others are taken captive as slaves to work in a cassava farm. His attempts to escape fails woefully until the government decide to ameliorate the situation by asking all aliens to be taken to Haji camp. Nii and Aaron escape and head straight to Ijase.
Fortunately, Nii’s journey to Ijase is not without tears and anguish as he lost his dearest companion, Aaron Tsuru shortly before he meets his sister, Mama after fifteen years of separation. It is dawn on Nii that it is a thing of joy to live through difficulties knowing that there is hope as this unexpected joy occasioned by his sudden reunion with his sister, Mama is seen as an invigorating one.
Symbols provide in-depth understanding of the prose narrative. They include the following:
(i) Wuthering Heights: The title of the novel is symbolic of the incidents in the story “Wuthering” refers to that which is windy or willowy. It represent instability or “unsettled”. This is symbolic of the events or series of conflict in the novel, some of which result to numerous death and a few others resolved in the end.
(ii) The Moors: Moors are open areas, wet, wild and infertile. As the play opens. Lockwood fears walking through the moors at night. Catherine and Heathcliff spend much of their childhood rambling on the moors, symbolizing their wild nature. Both of them are buried on the moors because of the wild personality they represent, Moors also symbolize danger, so does the love between Catherine and Heathcliff.
(iii) Whether: The serious winds present at the Heights symbolize the hardness and the problem that the inhabitants need to battle with. Wind and rain for instance, are present when Mr. Earnshaw dies and when Heathcliff departs from Wuthering Heights and when Heathcliff dies.
(iv) Ghosts: Ghosts in the novel are ambiguous. They portend danger and they also symbolize past events. Their appearance at the Heights helps the character to remember them. Ghost also add an element of mystery and excitement to the story. The appearance of Catherine’s ghost also emphasizes just how much Catherine was in love with Heathcliff.
(v) Suspense and Palimpsest Narration: Emily Bronte creates atmosphere and suspense using her own artistic technique known as palimpsest which involves the use of narratives within narratives, Bronte uses Lockwood and Nelly (Ellen) Dean to narrate the events in the novel. The use of suspense is great which span from the progression of the first generation character and that of the second generation. The reader should be spellbound to know what happens to Heathcliff but are mystified when he turns a new leaf before his eventual demise.
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