Waec 2024 Trade Subject { Thursday } Objective And Essay Questions And Answers Now Available





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(i) Beaches – Elegushi Beach
(ii) National Parks – Yankari National Park
(iii) Cultural Sites – Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove
(iv) Waterfalls – Erin Ijesha Waterfall
(v) Historical Sites – Kano City Walls

(i) Location
(ii) Price
(iii) Amenities
(iv) Reviews
(v) Accessibility
(vi) Safety and security

Expenditure pattern refers to the way in which individuals, households, businesses, or governments allocate their financial resources towards various goods and services over a specific period of time.

(i) Transportation
(ii) Accommodation
(iii) Attractions
(iv) Food and Beverage
(v) Activities

(i) Travel magazines
(ii) Newspapers
(iii) Brochures
(iv) Direct mail
(v) In-flight magazines
(vi) Tourism guides
(vii) Event programs


(i) Wide Reach: Television has a broad audience reach, allowing tourism companies to showcase their destinations or services to a large number of potential customers.

(ii) Visual Impact: Television is a visually engaging medium that allows marketers to create captivating ads that can evoke emotions and create strong brand connections.

(iii) Targeted Advertising: Television allows for targeting specific demographics or audiences based on the time slots and channels chosen, ensuring that marketing efforts reach the right people.

(iv) Credibility and Authority: Being featured on television can lend credibility and authority to tourism companies, as it is seen as a reputable and established advertising platform.

(v) Increased Brand Awareness: Television advertising can significantly boost brand awareness for tourism companies, helping them stand out in a competitive market and attract more customers.

A travel agency is a business that offers services related to travel and tourism, such as booking flights, accommodations, tours, and other travel-related activities for individuals or groups.


(i) Expert Advice: Travel agents provide expertise and knowledge on destinations, accommodations, activities, and travel logistics to help clients make informed decisions.

(ii) Booking Services: They assist in booking flights, accommodations, transportation, tours, and other travel-related services, saving clients time and effort.

(iii) Customized Itineraries: Travel agents tailor itineraries to meet the specific needs, preferences, and budget of their clients, offering personalized travel experiences.

(iv) Customer Support: They offer ongoing assistance before, during, and after the trip, helping clients with any issues, changes, or emergencies that may arise.

(v) Discounts and Deals: Travel agents often have access to exclusive discounts, promotions, and package deals that can help clients save money on their trip.

(vi) Visa and Documentation Assistance: They help clients understand visa requirements, provide guidance on necessary documentation, and assist in obtaining visas or other permits.

(vii) Travel Insurance: Travel agents recommend suitable travel insurance plans to protect clients against unforeseen events like trip cancellations, medical emergencies, or lost luggage.

(viii) Destination Knowledge: Agents share insights on the best places to visit, local culture, safety tips, and other useful information that can enhance a client’s travel experience.


(i) Car hire services offer travelers the comfort and privacy of having their own vehicle, allowing them to travel with family or friends and customize their itinerary according to their preferences

(ii)Car hire services offer travelers the flexibility to explore a destination at their own pace and convenience.

(iii)Renting a car can be more cost-effective than other modes of transportation, especially for families or groups traveling together.

(iv)Renting a car provides travelers with access to remote or less accessible areas of a destination that may not be easily reachable by public transportation


(i) Adventure: Many people travel to seek thrilling experiences such as hiking in exotic locations, skydiving, or exploring uncharted territories.

(ii) Leisure: Traveling provides an opportunity to relax and unwind, whether it’s lounging on a tropical beach, visiting a spa retreat, or enjoying a luxury cruise.

(iii) Culture and history: People travel to immerse themselves in different cultures, discover historical sites, visit museums, and learn about the heritage of different regions.

(iv) Business: Traveling for work-related purposes such as attending meetings, conferences, trade shows, or networking events is a common reason for people to travel.

(v) Education: Students and professionals often travel to attend educational programs, workshops, seminars, or to study in universities and institutions abroad.

(vi) Family and friends: Visiting loved ones who live in different cities or countries is a significant reason for travel, allowing people to strengthen relationships and create lasting memories.

(vii) Food and culinary experiences: Many travelers embark on culinary journeys to taste authentic local cuisines, attend food festivals, or learn traditional cooking methods from different regions.

(viii) Health and wellness: Some people travel to destinations known for their health benefits such as natural hot springs, wellness retreats, or for medical tourism purposes to seek specialized healthcare services.


(i) Economic growth: Tourism significantly contributes to the economic growth of Nigeria by generating revenue, creating job opportunities, and attracting foreign investment.

(ii) Cultural exchange: Tourism promotes cultural exchange by exposing visitors to Nigeria’s diverse cultures, traditions, arts, music, and cuisine.

(iii) Infrastructure development: The tourism industry necessitates the development of infrastructure such as roads, airports, hotels, and restaurants, which benefits both tourists and local residents.

(iv) Preservation of heritage: Tourism can help preserve Nigeria’s historical sites, artifacts, and traditions by bringing attention to their importance and value.

(v) Environmental conservation: Sustainable tourism practices encourage the preservation of Nigeria’s natural resources and ecosystems, fostering environmental awareness and protection.

(vi) Improved quality of life: Tourism boosts the standard of living in Nigeria by creating business opportunities, enhancing public services, and stimulating the local economy.

(vii) Promotion of local businesses: Tourism supports local businesses, artisans, farmers, and entrepreneurs, providing them with a platform to showcase their products and services to a global audience.

(viii) International recognition: Through tourism, Nigeria gains international visibility, recognition, and reputation, attracting more visitors, investors, and business opportunities to the country.

Heritage refers to the traditions, values, cultural practices, historic sites, and other aspects of a community or society that are passed down from generation to generation.


(i) Sukur Heritage site is a UNESCO World Heritage site with historical significance.

(ii) It provides valuable insights into the cultural and architectural heritage of the region.

(iii) Preservation of Sukur Heritage site promotes tourism and economic development in the area.

(iv) It serves as a cultural and educational resource for local communities and visitors.

(v) Maintaining the site helps to protect and showcase traditional practices and customs.

(vi) Conservation efforts at Sukur Heritage site contribute to the preservation of global heritage.

(vii) The site holds spiritual and religious significance for local communities.

(viii) Protecting Sukur Heritage site ensures that future generations can learn from and appreciate its historical importance.


(i) Social media marketing
(ii) Search engine optimization (SEO)
(iii) Content marketing
(iv) Influencer partnerships
(v) Email marketing
(vi) Pay-per-click advertising
(vii) Tourism packages and deals
(viii) Destination websites and blogs


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Dyeing and bleaching

(1a) Color refers to the visual perception resulting from the spectrum of light interacting with the human eye.

(1bi) Primary colors are hues that cannot be created by mixing other colors together. They are typically red, blue, and yellow.
(1bii) Secondary colors are hues formed by mixing two primary colors. Examples include green (blue + yellow), orange (red + yellow), and purple (red + blue).
(2a) Safety precautions are measures taken to prevent accidents, injuries, or other adverse incidents.

(i) gloves
(ii) goggles
(iii) Aprons.

(i) Wearing protective clothing such as lab coats or aprons.
(ii) Using gloves to protect hands from chemical exposure.
(iii) Ensuring proper ventilation to reduce inhalation of fumes.
(iv) Following proper handling and storage procedures for chemicals.
(v)Having emergency eyewash stations and showers readily accessible.
(3a) Three materials used to resist dye in bulk production are wax, starch, and synthetic resins.

(3bi) Steps for waxing fabric using a tjanting:
(i) Heat the wax to a liquid state.
(ii) Load the tjanting tool with wax.
(iii) Apply the wax to the fabric in desired patterns.

(i) Apply wax to the foam.
(ii) Press the foam onto the fabric to transfer the wax.
(iii) Repeat the process to cover the desired areas.

(i) Dip the brush into melted wax.
(ii) Paint the wax onto the fabric in desired designs.
(iii) Allow the wax to cool and harden before dyeing.

(i) Coat the stamp with melted wax.
(ii)Press the stamp onto the fabric to transfer the wax design.
(iii) Repeat the stamping process as needed for the desired pattern.
(4a) Printing is a process of transferring ink or pigment onto a substrate, such as paper or fabric, to create designs or images.

(i) screen printing
(ii) digital printing
(iii) block printing
(iv) sublimation printing.

(i) Prepare the design to be printed on a computer.
(ii) Create a screen with a mesh stretched over a frame.
(iii) Apply a light-sensitive emulsion to the mesh and let it dry.
(iv) Expose the screen to UV light with the prepared design to harden the emulsion.
(v) Rinse the screen to wash away the unhardened emulsion, revealing the design.
(vi) Set up the fabric to be printed on a flat surface.
(vii) Position the screen over the fabric and apply the lacquer over the mesh.
(viii) Use a squeegee to evenly spread the lacquer over the mesh, transferring the design onto the fabric.

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(i) Bright, clear eyes: Fresh fish should have bright, clear, and bulging eyes.
(ii) Firm, elastic flesh: When you press the flesh, it should feel firm and spring back quickly.
(iii) Bright, shiny skin: The skin of fresh fish should be bright, lustrous, and free of discoloration.
(iv) Bright, red gills: The gills of a fresh fish should be bright red or pink in color.
(v) Minimal or no odor: Fresh fish should have a mild, sweet, or briny aroma, with no unpleasant or fishy odor.
(vi) Scales that are firmly attached: The scales of a fresh fish should be firmly attached to the skin.

(i) Fillets
(ii) Steaks
(iii) Cutlets
(iv) Whole fish
(v) Loins
(vi) Nuggets


I – Door
II – Display panel
III – Timer control
IV – Power level control

(i )Radiation
(ii) Conduction

(i) It is used for heating food
(ii) It is used for defrosting frozen foods
(iii) It is used for cooking
(iv) It is used for reheating
(v) It used for steaming

Kitchen safety refers to the practices and measures taken to prevent accidents, injuries, and health hazards in a kitchen environment. It involves identifying and mitigating potential risks associated with the use of kitchen equipment, tools, and the handling of food and substances.

(i) Slips: Slips occur when there is a loss of traction between the person’s feet and the walking surface, often due to wet, slippery, or oily floors.
(ii) Trips: Trips occur when the foot or leg hits an object, causing the person to lose balance and potentially fall.

(i) Maintain a clean and organized work environment. Keep walkways clear of clutter, equipment, and other obstructions.
(ii) Secure and tidy electrical cords and cables to prevent them from creating tripping hazards.
(iii) Ensure proper lighting throughout the kitchen to improve visibility and make it easier to identify and avoid potential trip hazards.
(iv) Use proper signage or markings to indicate any uneven surfaces, steps, or other areas that may pose a tripping risk.

(i) Food Cost (FC)
(ii) Labor Cost (LC)
(iii) Overhead Cost (OC)

Net Profit (NP) = Sales – (Food Cost + Labor Cost + Overhead Cost)
Sales = ₦5,000
Food Cost (FC) = ₦1,950
Labor Cost (LC) = ₦1,100
Overhead Cost (OC) = ₦900
Net Profit (NP) = ₦5,000 – (₦1,950 + ₦1,100 + ₦900)
NP = ₦5,000 – ₦3,950
NP = ₦1,050

Percentage = (Value / Sales) × 100
Net Profit (NP) percentage = (₦1,050 / ₦5,000) × 100 = 21%
Food Cost (FC) percentage = (₦1,950 / ₦5,000) × 100 = 39%
Labor Cost (LC) percentage = (₦1,100 / ₦5,000) × 100 = 22%
Overhead Cost (OC) percentage = (₦900 / ₦5,000) × 100 = 18%

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