Waec 2023 Agricultural Science Practical Question And Answer Now Available

Specimen N:
(i) It serve as an excellent bedding material for poultry houses.
(ii) It can be used as litter on the floor of the poultry house.
(iii) Wood shavings make suitable nesting material for poultry.
(iv) Wood shavings can be used as an insulating material in the walls or ceiling of the poultry house.

Specimen Q:
(i) It can be used as a source of heat in poultry houses.
(ii) It can be used to repel insects and pests in a poultry house.
(iii) Using specimen Q in the poultry house, can help minimize and control foul smells.
(iv) It can be used for brooding newly hatched chicks.

(i) Chopped straw
(ii) Shredded Newspaper
(iii) Sawdust
(iv) Sand
(v) Hay
(vi) Coconut Fiber
(vii) Corn cobs

(i) Specimen N has a higher absorbency compared to Specimen M.
(ii) Specimen N provides a better cushioning effect than M.
(iii) Specimen N allows for better airflow within the deep litter bedding.
(iv) Specimen M tends to generate more dust particles compared to Specimen N.
(v) Specimen N tend to last longer in the deep litter bedding than M.
(vi) Specimen N are often more cost-effective compared to Specimen M.

(i) The chicks will try to regulate their body temperature by drinking more water when they feel hot.
(ii) They may huddle together or seek out cooler areas in the brooder house.
(iii) Chicks may become less active.
(iv) Chicks may spread their wings away from their bodies to increase heat dissipation.
(v) The chicks may open their beaks and breathe rapidly to increase air circulation and cool down their bodies.
(vi) Chicks may vocalize more when they are subjected to excessive heat.
(vii) The chicks may reduce their food intake.

(i) They may huddle together in a tight group to conserve body heat.
(ii) Chicks may become more active and move around the brooder house.
(iii) The chicks may shiver to try and warm up.
(iv) The chicks may reduce their feed intake and water consumption.
(v) The Chicks may respond by fluffing up their feathers.

(i) Specimen Q provide a localized heat source within the poultry house.
(ii) Using specimen Q can be more energy-efficient compared to other heating methods, as th charcoal burns slowly and can provide a longer-lasting heat source without frequent refueling
(iii) Charcoal combustion produces dry heat, which helps reduce the moisture content in the poultry house.
(iv) Charcoal combustion generates minimal smoke and fewer emissions compared to other fuel sources.
(v) It is generally an affordable fuel option, making it a cost-effective choice for heating poultry houses



(i) Soil moisture
(ii) Temperature
(iii) Organic matter
(iv) Soil pH
(v) Soil Texture
(vii) Oxygen levels

(i) Specimen A creates burrows as it moves through the soil, which enhances soil aeration
(ii) It consumes decaying plant material and aids in the soil decomposition process.
(iii) It burrows through the soil, creating channels that improve soil structure.
(iv) Its burrows act as pathways for water movement through the soil.
(v) It consumes organic matter in the soil, breaking it down into smaller particles.
(vi) It produces a sticky substance called mucilage, which helps bind soil particles together, forming aggregates or clumps.
(vii) Its activity can influence soil pH.
(viii) It promotes the growth and activity of beneficial soil microorganisms.
(ix) The presence of specimen A in the soil, contribute to higher plant productivity.

(i) Its activity resuts to crop damage
(ii) Its extensive tunneling systems underground, which can destabilize the soil structure leads to soil erosion
(iii) It can disrupt nutrient cycling in the soil.
(iv) They can target young seedlings causing damage to the seedling
(iv) The infestation of specimen B can weaken the overall health and vitality of plants.
(v) They increased soil vulnerability to drought.
(vi) Their activity can lead to economic loss.
(vii) It can cause decrease in plant productivity.

(i) Specimen C has good drainage
(ii)) It has the ability to retain and release nutrients effectively.
(iii) It has good water retention capacity
(iv) It provides adequate aeration
(v) The balanced texture of specimen C provides an ideal environment for root development and penetration
(vi) Specimen C is known for its workability and ease of cultivation
(vii) It can maintain its fertility and productivity over the long term


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